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Miles Kane: This is my Adele album

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Media captionMiles Kane explains the meaning behind forthcoming album Coup de Grace

Just outside a coffee shop in hipster East London Miles Kane is studiously searching through his phone.

One of rock ‘n’ roll’s best connected men is not looking to get hold of one of his many muso/model/footballer mates, however.

He is – as it turns out – just looking for somewhere to enjoy a Sunday roast.

The LA resident, originally from the Wirral, has been living the California dream for a few years now but is back in town, in his best grey fur jacket, to promote Loaded; his first solo single since 2013’s Better Than That.

And though gravy-covered dinners may not be a staple of a lazy Sunday afternoon in the City of Angels, one thing that is universal for sure is heartbreak.

Kane’s comeback track, co-written by Lana Del Rey and Jamie T in his US apartment, is the first taste of what he’s calling his “break-up album” – Coup De Grace, which is French for “the final blow” and out this summer [date TBC].

“I’m giving it the Adele one!” he jokes, sitting down to chat at the BBC the next day.

“Lyrically it’s very personal and the delivery of the vocal is quite different for me.

“On the verses, there’s a lot more words than what I would do normally and then it opens up on the chorus.

“It’s just a real mid-tempo, heavy ‘get your walk on’ tune, you know?”

Girl troubles

While the confessional lyrics, pointed delivery and angular riffs remind you of another Merseysider – John Lennon’s Cold Turkey-era solo work, or even Mancunian rock ‘n’ roll star Liam Gallagher’s cocksure debut solo track Wall of Glass – Loaded actually came together due to a chance meeting in his adopted West coast home.

“I’ve known Jamie for 10 years, it wasn’t really planned,” he explains.

“He was over in LA last January, so we were going to hang out for a week and just jam and see if we could write some tunes.

“From the first moment we started it just really clicked.

“Then he was playing this little acoustic gig and I went there to see him and as I walk in I see Lana.

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PA/Getty

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Lana A-Del-e Rey

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Jamie T co-wrote Kane’s comeback single Loaded

“I’d met her a couple of times before at some festivals years ago”, adds the 32-year-old.

“I had a bit of a face on me because I’d just split up with my girlfriend at the time.

“She was like ‘what’s up with you? Girl troubles?’

“I said ‘yeah… Is that obvious?’

“Then she went ‘what you up to this week?’

“I said ‘me and Jamie are writing’ and she said; ‘I’d love to hear it.’

The next day Miss Del Rey FaceTimed the two Brits abroad while they were enjoying a coffee and arranged to come over and help them finish the “upbeat and kind of punky” track.

Loaded formed the basis for what Miles describes as “probably my favourite album to make”.

“Me and Jamie, we’d do a tune a day, it was really instant and quick lyrically and melody wise.

“Whatever got put on the demo stayed, and I like that, there was no pining for weeks – it just all fit together really well.

“I’ve surprised myself and the people around me as well.”

Thicker skin

While apparently unlucky in love at the time of writing, Miles then put the record on hold to re-discover his mojo with his other, more cinematic-sounding band; The Last Shadow Puppets.

In 2016, alongside Arctic Monkeys frontman and best friend Alex Turner, the pair toured the world, wore the suits and bagged their second UK number one album.

Now, after the Arctics officially opened up their musical lunar Hotel + Casino to the public, Miles is left to go it alone once more on record, on stage and – perhaps most dauntingly – in interviews (“especially doing stuff like this, I find different”).

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The Last Shadow Puppets

So does the former Little Flames and Rascals singer/guitarist – who admits to having been “bored out of my brains” of late – feel he has something to prove on his solo return?

“I’d love to say no but I do feel that, I always have done to be fair.

“I think when I was younger I really felt that, now I’m older I can accept things more and I’ve got thicker skin.

“Every record I make I try and prove something and try and make it better than the last one but for this one… I don’t know what it is but it feels different,

“I feel different, I felt different making it, I feel different singing it – in a good way.

“You always change, the root of you is the same but you’ve learned more stuff and been through more stuff personally and hopefully you’re better for that.

“I’m 32 now, so loads of early mid-life crises!

“You’ve got to go through that to come out of it.”

Kane was accused of propositioning Spin journalist Rachel Brodsky following an interview on the last Puppets tour.

He later apologised for his “ill-judged” remarks in a subsequent note to Broadsky, writing that he was “mortified that it made you feel uncomfortable”.

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Lauren Dukoff

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Miles Kane: “I feel different”

Reflecting on the incident a few years later, Kane says; “In my mind guys and girls have always been equal.

“I was raised by my mum, who’s a strong woman – and my aunties, and for me there’s never been any difference, that’s how I see it.”

The Scouser, who also now has his own fashion range, has clearly had ants in his well-tailored pants to get back up on stage and kicked off his new UK solo tour last night in Carlisle.

He’ll go on to perform alongside Iggy Pop and Queens of the Stone Age at their own event in London’s Finsbury Park at the end of June, followed by another big gig at Glasgow’s TRSNMT festival the next night, on the same bill as his old pals the Monkeys.

“I’m just buzzing to be back” beams Miles, whose cousins are in fellow Merseyside band The Coral.

“I miss being on stage so much. It just sorts my head out. Writing sorts my head out.

“I can just beat myself up and start stressing about things but once I get on stage it sort of releases all that.”

Shadow Puppet to shadow boxer

As well as playing through his problems – girl or otherwise – on the guitar, Miles appears to be coming back fighting this time.

Quite literally.

The Liverpool FC fan – who admits to having “lost touch with football” [Champions League included] in LA – may have metaphorically named his forthcoming third album after his favourite wrestling move but says he now favours another athletic endeavour all together.

“If anything my sport at the minute I’ve been getting into is boxing.

“I do [spar] but I’m terrible.

“It’s good for my mind but I’m terrible if is anything coming back at me!”

Having toughened up and let his guard down a little more these days, The Wirral riddler is aiming to deliver some knockout performances this summer.

He’ll also be hoping to find himself out of trouble and back in love/the charts during a welcome extended stay back on these shores.

“There’s definitely a lot of nonsense over there [LA] and you realise when you come home.

“But you can get into trouble on the moon.”

Especially if your mate runs a new casino up there.

Loaded is out now and Miles’ third solo album Coup De Grace is out this summer.

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New Zealand happy to forget the UK’s ‘betrayal’

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The UK joined the then European Economic Community in 1973, before voters agreed in a 1975 referendum that it should remain

It was a story of break-up and betrayal, and of a long-distance relationship that went sour.

It’s not a cliffhanger from Shortland Street, New Zealand’s longest-running TV soap opera, but a real-life tale of abandonment.

It happened back in January 1973 to the South Pacific nation when the UK joined the then European Economic Community (EEC), the precursor to today’s European Union.

At the time, about half of Kiwi exports were shipped 18,500 km (11,500 miles) to the UK, but access to those prized markets would effectively end as a result of the UK joining the EEC.

“It was a massive shock. It was an emotional shock for New Zealand,” says Asha Sundaram from the University of Auckland.

“Almost 50% of New Zealand exports went to the UK at the time, and so there was huge anxiety about what would happen.

“Essentially New Zealand was like an outpost of Britain [back then]. It was this parent-child relationship, and I think people were just terrified of the apron strings being cut off.

“I think it was probably panic.”

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Getty Images

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New Zealand is today a major exporter of wine to the UK

In 1973, colour TV was being beamed into Kiwi living rooms for the first time (in time for another royal wedding, that of Princess Anne and Mark Phillips) while Wellington’s opposition to French nuclear testing in the region was intensifying.

The UK’s attempts to be a part of the EEC had been a long-time coming, but when it finally happened there was a sense in New Zealand of being sold-out by an old friend.

“I do think there was a sense of betrayal, particularly among older New Zealanders,” says Stephen Jacobi, executive director of the New Zealand International Business Forum.

“I myself was born in Britain, so my family emigrated from Britain to New Zealand. It is hard to think of Britain as a foreign country.

“We were conceived as a farm for Britain. That was our rationale for existence in the world order as it was.”

Fast-forward 45 years and the Kiwi economy has been transformed.

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Getty Images

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Lamb exports are still big business for New Zealand

Free trade agreements with Australia, China (in 2008) and others have been critical. So were the bold reforms beginning in the 1980s that opened up an ailing “fortress economy” that had been highly protected.

“New Zealand was the first country to do a high quality free trade deal with China,” says Catherine Beard, head of Export NZ, a lobby and advocacy group.

“We’ve taken a really principled approach to trade, so we reduced all the tariffs in New Zealand many years ago, we don’t have subsidies.

“And we don’t have any kind of smoke and mirror support for companies domestically, and the ones that survived have thrived.

“Our industry is actually remarkably robust, and so are our farmers because they have always had to be globally competitive without support.”

Farming is important to New Zealand, as are forestry and fishing, along with the services sector, tourism and education.

As Brexit draws closer, are there important lessons for the UK in its former colony’s economic revival? New Zealand’s journey since the early 1970s has been turbulent at times, and tough decisions have been made along the way.

A nimble, creative and diversified economy is key, as is the endeavour to find new markets.

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Getty Images

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New Zealand now has a modern economy

In an ultra-competitive world, Kiwi exporters must always be on top of their game, according to Peter Busfield, who represents the marine industry.

“We are a long, long way from any markets, we’re really at the end of a no-exit street as far as the world is concerned,” he says.

“We’ve got to go out and introduce ourselves to the various markets, and have a value proposition that satisfies those customers more so than them buying from their next-door neighbouring country.

“So New Zealand always has to perform outstandingly well to break into any market.”


Global Trade

More from the BBC’s series taking an international perspective on trade:


Today Australia buys more Kiwi exports than anyone else, while China makes up about 20% of New Zealand’s overseas trade. The UK now accounts for just 3%, which is worth 1.6bn New Zealand dollars ($1.1bn; £830m).

New Zealand’s exports to the UK largely comprise meat, beverages and fruit, and there is appetite for a New Zealand-UK free trade agreement.

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AFP

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There are about 30 million sheep in New Zealand

“While Britain is…not a major trade partner for New Zealand, it still is a very important investment partner,” says Mr Jacobi.

“Britain is the third largest investor in New Zealand after the United States and Australia, so the relationship is still very significant. What we have now, maybe, is an opportunity to bring it up to date and place it more in the 21st Century.”

Four-and-a-half decades after a nasty divorce the UK is reaching out to New Zealand again. The irony of this volte-face isn’t lost on many Kiwis, but you’ll find few here who still bear a grudge.

A NZ-UK trade deal will be a priority for post-Brexit UK, according to Theresa May’s government. As it looks for new partners, a faraway friend it spurned in the past could perhaps help it embrace the challenges ahead.

Comcast in ‘advanced stages’ of 21st Century Fox bid

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Getty Images

Cable TV giant Comcast says it is considering a takeover offer for Rupert Murdoch’s 21st Century Fox, setting the stage for showdown with Walt Disney.

Disney has agreed to pay $52.4bn for Fox, but Comcast said it was in the “advanced stages” of preparing a better bid.

Any offer would be “all-cash and at a premium” to Disney’s all-share offer, oComcast said in a statement.

But the US firm, which owns NBC, said no final decision has been made.

Rumours about Comcast’s interests in Fox have circulated for weeks, but it is the first time it has confirmed its intentions.

Like Disney, it wants to buy all of Fox’s assets except its news channel and main sports and business networks.

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AFP/Getty

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Fox is controlled by Rupert Murdoch

That would include the 20th Century Fox film studio, the Fox television network and the Asian pay-TV network Star TV.

It would also include a 39% stake in Sky, for which Comcast tabled a separate bid in April, taking it into direct conflict with Fox, which wants to acquire the British broadcaster outright.

Regulatory scrutiny

Any takeover attempt by Comcast would be likely to face regulatory scrutiny, as will Disney’s offer.

In Comcast’s case, the US government is currently suing to block a merger between its parent company, Time Warner, and the telecoms giant AT&T.

Experts say the firm would be unlikely to proceed with an offer for Fox until a judge rules on that case in June.

However, in its statement, Comcast promised to pay a significant break fee should regulators scupper a deal. It said this “would be at least as favourable to Fox shareholders” as Disney’s offer of $2.5bn.

The fight for 21st Century Fox comes as traditional media groups scramble to consolidate in the face mounting competition from online challengers like Netflix and Amazon.

It has driven broadcast giant CBS to try to merge with Viacom, which owns the MTV and Nickelodeon television stations.

It has also spurred AT&T’s $85.4bn offer for Time Warner, whose other assets include pay TV channel HBO.

However, analysts believe such tie ups will face close scrutiny from US regulators who fear consolidation could drive up prices for consumers.

Ofsted admits some ‘outstanding schools aren’t that good’

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Some schools rated outstanding may no longer be as good as their rating suggests, Ofsted has said amid official criticism of its work in England.

A National Audit Office report found 1,620 schools, mostly outstanding, had not been inspected for six years or more, and 290 for a decade or more.

Outstanding schools were decreed exempt from routine inspections in 2011.

Ofsted bosses said there was no way of telling if these schools had since fallen into a “mediocre” category.

Although, inspections can be triggered at any school if a safeguarding concern is raised, or if there is a significant drop in results.

‘Effectiveness reduced’

Ofsted’s director of corporate strategy, Luke Tryl, said: “What we can’t tell is if the levels of education in those schools judged outstanding 10 years ago are the same or whether it has changed to become middling, or mediocre or coasting.”

When asked by reporters if he was saying that some “outstanding schools aren’t really outstanding”, he replied: “Yes.”

However, many schools will have their “outstanding” label highlighted on their websites and on banners outside their premises.

And many parents base at least their initial views of such schools on these Ofsted rankings.

The NAO found the inspectorate’s “effectiveness has reduced” as a result of the decision by the Department for Education and Ofsted to end routine inspections for outstanding and good schools.

Ofsted said it had since been lobbying the DfE to reinstate routine inspections every six years for a primary schools and every five or seven years for a secondary.

Lack of inspectors

Geoff Barton, general secretary of the Association of School and College Leaders, said most parents were “savvy enough” to look at a range of evidence on school effectiveness and did not just rely on Ofsted rankings.

His organisation has also been arguing for inspections of outstanding schools to be reinstated, calling for one every five years or so.

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Getty Images

The schools inspectorate was also found to have missed its own targets on the re-inspection of the weakest schools – those rated inadequate.

The target of 24 months for such a re-inspection had been missed in 6% of cases, 78 schools, between 2012 and 2016, the NAO said.

These schools would have weak teaching, weak leadership and possibly some behaviour issues, Ofsted said.

The NAO report said: “Ofsted has extended some of the targets to allow schools more time to improve.

“This has also allowed Ofsted to spread re-inspections over a longer period.”

But Ofsted told the NAO it had found it difficult to meet its inspection targets because of cuts to its budget and because it did not have enough inspectors.

In 2015, it took a decision to bring all its inspectors in house after a string of complaints about inspections that had been contracted out to private companies.

This had left it with a shortfall of inspectors, although this had improved in 2016-17, the NAO said.

‘Cuts and shifts’

Matthew Coffey, Ofsted’s chief operations officer, defended the decision to effectively reduce the number of inspectors, saying it was taken on quality grounds.

But he added that some of its most senior inspectors, HMIs (her majesty’s inspectors), had left to run some of the numerous multi-academy trust chains being formed at the time.

He said: “Becoming an HMI used to be a traditional end of career role, and it’s not like that any more.”

“It was a challenge”, he said, to compete with academy trusts able to pay salaries of £100,000 or more.

HMIs were paid about £70,000, he said.

Amyas Morse, the head of the NAO, said: “The fact that Ofsted has been subject to constant cuts over more than a decade, and regular shifts in focus, speaks volumes.

“It indicates a lack of clarity about how best to obtain assurance about the quality of schools.

“The department needs to be mindful that cheaper inspection is not necessarily better inspection.

“To demonstrate its commitment, the department needs a clear vision for school inspection and to resource it accordingly.”

Free school transport lost for 20,000 rural pupils

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Thinkstock

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Rural communities face fewer bus services and lost subsidies for school transport

More than 20,000 children in rural England have lost access to free school transport, say local authorities.

The County Councils Network says budget shortages mean rural school transport is being cut to a “bare minimum”.

They say school transport costs are on average almost 10 times higher for councils in rural areas than for those in cities.

“We have had little choice but to cut back on free transport services,” said the leader of Oxfordshire council.

The County Councils Network says that data from 20 rural authorities shows that in 2017 there were 22,000 fewer pupils getting free school transport, such as buses and taxis, compared with three years before.

Councils blame the cuts on a lack of funding and the much higher cost of collecting pupils in the countryside, who might be scattered over a wide area.

They say it is even harder for communities already facing “dramatic reductions in rural bus routes”.

‘Vital local service’

Geoff Barton, leader of the ASCL head teachers’ union, said the loss of school transport would have a “massive impact” on rural communities.

Transport was a major issue for rural schools, he said, and social mobility would be damaged if parents could not access the schools they wanted for their children.

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Getty Images

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Changes to rural transport can have a “massive impact”, says a head teachers’ leader

David Inman, of the Rural Services Network, said such loss of free school transport made it increasingly difficult for young people and young families to continue living in the countryside.

The County Councils Network, representing 27 county councils and 10 unitary authorities, says on average rural authorities pay £93 per pupil in transport subsidies – while urban areas pay about £10.

But in many places it is much higher – more than £200 per pupil in North Yorkshire, £184 in Shropshire and £175 in Northumberland.

The council group is warning that further school transport cuts are likely that will disproportionately hit rural areas.

Pupils under the age of eight are entitled to free transport if their nearest school is more than two miles away – and three miles away for older pupils.

But local authorities have often helped with transport beyond this statutory minimum – and this is now threatened with cutbacks.

Ian Hudspeth, leader of Oxfordshire County Council, said school transport was a “vital local service” but authorities were struggling to afford it.

“We pay a rural premium in delivering these transport services, and it is becoming increasingly difficult to maintain subsidies,” he said.

“Regrettably, we have had little choice to cut back on free transport services for thousands of rural pupils and tighten eligibility. “

Bank holiday warning over gardening and DIY accidents

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With the bank holiday weekend coming, many of us may be planning to trim the lawn or do a bit of home improvement.

But surgeons have urged us to take care, saying there can be a spike in accidents involving gardening and DIY equipment at this time of year.

Severed fingers and broken bones are among the gruesome injuries one surgeon says she often encounters.

It comes as figures show there were 25,763 gardening and DIY-related injuries in England from 2014-17.

The accidents were caused by hand tools, lawn-mowers and other household machines and 90% of them involved men, figures released by the Royal College of Surgeons show.


‘I was in disbelief’

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Helen Langford had to have her middle finger and part of her ring finger amputated

Helen Langford, from Manchester, was injured last year in an accident involving a second-hand electric saw.

She had been cutting timber in her garage to make a side table when the saw slipped, cutting into four fingers on her right hand.

“It was horrific,” Ms Langford, 56, said.

“I didn’t realise exactly what I’d done. I wasn’t in pain, and I wasn’t in shock. I was in disbelief.”

She was taken to hospital after neighbours and a passer-by heard her screams, but in the end doctors had to amputate her middle finger and part of her ring finger on her right hand.

Since then, she has had to undergo months of physiotherapy – along with trauma counselling – to regain some use of this hand.

The injury, along with rheumatoid arthritis she’s developed in her left hand since the accident, means she can no longer play the piano, paint or do sculptures, which were some of her main interests.

Ms Langford added: “Without the help of my neighbours, this accident could have had an even more tragic ending.”


‘Lasting psychological impact’

Of hospital admissions for DIY and gardening injuries, 58% were between April and September.

Children and young people up to the age of 19 were involved in 2,082 of the incidents, with 397 of these involving those aged four or under.

But when it came to lawn-mower accidents, it was the middle-aged and elderly who were most likely to get hurt, with 58% of admissions being of 40-74-years-olds.

Prof Vivien Lees, of the Royal College of Surgeons, who works as a consultant hand and plastic surgeon, said this was typically one of her busiest times of the year.

She said: “Over the past 20 years of working in the NHS, I have treated patients who have suffered some very serious injuries – from severed fingers and broken bones to painful infections.

“These injuries often leave a lasting physical and psychological impact on their lives.

“Some of my patients have been unable to work after having an accident while making home improvements or gardening.”

Prof Lees added that people catching fingers on hedge trimmers was a common cause of injury, as were infections from thorn pricks from roses.

She urged to people to take the following precautions to avoid injury:

  • Read and follow instructions for electrical equipment
  • Use protective gear, such as gloves, helmet, or goggles
  • If machinery is not working, unplug it before you investigate what the problem is
  • Keep pets and children well out of the way when you are gardening, or using electrical equipment in the garden
  • Do not handle electrical equipment if you have drunk alcohol or are drowsy from taking medication

‘Relax A-level grades for some medical students’

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Academic entry requirements for medical degrees should be relaxed for students applying from the worst UK secondary schools, researchers say.

A study from the University of York says these students should be able to drop one or two A-level grades.

The study finds those on medicine courses with lower A-level grades do at least as well as their peers.

The Medical Schools Council said the research added “important data” to the entry requirement debate.

Competition for a place to study medicine in the UK is fierce, with about 11 or 12 applications made for each place on offer and entry grade requirements are high – at least AAA at A-level.

But the research paper says there is an over-representation of socioeconomically privileged individuals in the medical profession and that most of the schools that provide medical students are selective.

“It is known that 80% of UK medical students come from 20% of secondary schools and tend to come from economically advantaged backgrounds,” it says.

The researchers gathered and analysed data from 2,107 students who started medical school in 2008 and grouped them into three groups:

  • those with grades AAA
  • those with AAB
  • those with ABB or lower

They assessed their prior educational attainment and school background alongside performance on the United Kingdom Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT) and subsequent undergraduate knowledge and skills-related outcomes.

Their analysis found that those with lower A-level grades (AAB or ABB) from the worst secondary schools tended to have equivalent undergraduate performance to those from the best schools with top grades (AAA).

The study says: “Importantly, the findings suggest that the academic entry criteria should be relaxed for candidates applying from the least well performing secondary schools.

“In the UK, this would translate into a decrease of approximately one to two A-level grades.”

‘Able to keep up’

Lead author Lazaro Mwandigha said: “This study suggests that relaxing A-level grade entry requirements for students from the worst performing secondary schools is beneficial.

“Although there are important further questions about how to fairly classify schools, the study demonstrates that these students are, on average, just as able to keep up with the pace of a medical degree”.

Supervising author Dr Paul Tiffin said: “This study is the first robust evidence that grade-discounting for pupils from underperforming schools is justified.

“At the moment around 20% of UK schools are providing 80% of our medical students, so A-level achievement should be viewed in terms of the context in which a pupil learns in order to help increase fairness and widen participation in medicine.

“The NHS needs more doctors from under-represented minority groups – having doctors from a wider range of backgrounds would enable health professionals to better understand and meet the UK’s diverse healthcare needs.”

What do medical schools say?

The Medical Schools Council says it monitors medical schools’ performance on widening admissions.

Clare Owen, assistant director of the MSC, said: “This research adds important data to our understanding of how entry requirements relate to subsequent performance.

“The Medical Schools Council recognises the benefits of admissions which take applicants’ backgrounds into account and this year published a guide which collects together the best practice of medical schools as they implement contextual admissions.

“Each medical school must decide on the best approach for its circumstances. And this research will help them by making a significant contribution to the evidence base.”

Tax rises needed ‘to prevent NHS misery’

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PA

Taxes are going to have to rise to pay for the NHS if the UK is to avoid “a decade of misery” in which the old, sick and vulnerable are let down, say economists.

The Institute for Fiscal Studies and Health Foundation said the NHS would need an extra 4% a year for the next 15 years to keep going and improving.

It said the only realistic way this could be paid for was by tax rises.

It comes as ministers are arguing behind the scenes about NHS funding.

The prime minister has promised a long-term funding plan for the NHS.

This is expected to cover the next decade and could be announced as soon as next month, in time for the 70th anniversary of the creation of the NHS.

The Treasury is believed to want to keep average rises at about 2% a year, but other ministers, including Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt, are arguing for more, the BBC understands.

If you can’t see the NHS Tracker, click or tap here.

As those discussions continue, the IFS and Health Foundation have revealed the findings of their review, commissioned by the NHS Confederation, which represents NHS trusts.

It warned the ageing population and rising number of people with long-term conditions, such as diabetes and heart disease, meant the health service needed more than it had been getting in the past decade.

Since 2010, the annual rises once inflation is taken into account have been limited to just over 2%.

But continuing in this vein would lead to a continued deterioration in performance, the report warned.

Instead, it said, 5% extra was needed in the next five years, and then just under 4% for the following decade if it was going to improve.

That would work out at an average of 4% a year over the period, while 3.3% would simply maintain services.

On top of that, extra money would also be needed to fund council-run social care for the elderly.

That would mean spending as a proportion of national income rising from 8.4% currently to 11.4%.

The report said it was “hard to imagine” raising that sort of money without increases in taxes.

To increase spending by that amount, it would require rises of 3p in the pound on each of income tax, VAT and National Insurance by 2033.

Although the report said other options, including taxes on property and businesses, could be explored too.

NHS Confederation chief executive Niall Dickson urged ministers not to rush into a quick fix, but warned any attempts to limit rises to 2% would backfire.

“It is now undeniable that the current system and funding levels are not sustainable,” he said.

The Department of Health and Social Care said plans were being ut in place to agree a multi-year settlement.

Meanwhile, a report from the Care Quality Commission on A&E performance warned that some patients received care that was “wholly unsatisfactory”.

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Brexit: UK’s ‘strong objections’ to Galileo sat-nav exclusion

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ESA

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The Galileo system was conceived to give Europe an independent sat-nav capability

The UK has lodged a “strong objection” to EU negotiators over plans to limit its participation in the Galileo satellite programme after Brexit.

In a document seen by the BBC, UK officials warn EU counterparts the scheme could cost an extra €1bn (£876m) without their continuing involvement.

Excluding the UK from Galileo, it says, contravenes the phase-one withdrawal deal agreed by both sides in December.

It also warns it will hinder wider post-Brexit security co-operation.

The European Commission says Brexit means the UK will have to be excluded from the Public Regulated Service (PRS), a key element of the Galileo system, after its March 2019 departure.

A navigation and timing signal intended for use by government agencies, armed forces and “blue light” services, PRS is designed to be available and robust even in times of crisis.

Brussels says the UK cannot immediately have access to it when it leaves the European bloc because it will become a foreign entity and PRS is for EU member states only.

The UK has accepted that its officials should not be part of the administrative elements of the programme but is insisting British companies should be allowed to bid for contracts and that base stations should still be located in British overseas territories such as the Falklands.

‘Security ceiling’

A document given to EU officials during Brexit talks this week states “excluding industrial participation by UK industry in security-related areas risks delays of up to three years and additional costs of up to €1 billion”.

“It will not be straightforward to effectively fulfil all Galileo security work elsewhere,” it says.

“The UK therefore has a strong objection to its ongoing exclusion from security-related discussions and exchanges pertaining to the post-2019 development of Galileo and the PRS, which serves to limit UK assurance in the programme and discourage UK industrial participation.

“Current EU restrictions on UK participation will have implications for the ceiling placed on future UK-EU security cooperation.”

Separately, the UK has outlined the extent of existing law enforcement capabilities which would be lost if a bespoke security deal is not agreed after Brexit.

According to details of a presentation seen by the BBC, the UK says there will be “significant gaps” in a wide range of areas including prisoner transfers, asset recovery, sharing of financial intelligence, victim compensation and access to criminal records for child protection vetting.

Google ‘stole my video’, says film-maker Philip Bloom

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Philip Bloom

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Footage filmed of tourists caught up in a snowstorm was among that used by Google

Google has enraged a leading film-maker by using his footage in a corporate video that later leaked online.

The technology company used material from more than half a dozen of Philip Bloom’s films to make a provocative presentation about ways it could exploit users’ data in the future.

Mr Bloom makes a living from selling rights to his footage, among other activities.

Google insisted that it took copyright law seriously.

It said that the “thought-experiment” video had been intended to be seen by only a handful of people.

It was made in 2016 by the head of design at X, Google’s research and development division.

Google added that the executive had now been reminded about its strict copyright rules.

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Sarah Seal

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Mr Bloom has worked with Star Wars creator George Lucas among other celebrities

However, despite being aware of Mr Bloom’s claim since last Friday, the technology company declined to say whether it now intended to make a payment.

“My footage is represented online by two major stock-footage companies. And I license it for all sorts of projects and uses, from commercials to broadcast to corporate films,” said Mr Bloom.

“A fair amount of my footage has been licensed for internal use only, so to hear Google not state that they will compensate me for its use is very surprising.

“Google via their YouTube platform are pretty strict when it comes to copyright breaches, so this is rather hypocritical of them and most certainly does not set a good example.

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Philip Bloom

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Footage filmed at Northern Ireland’s Giant’s Causeway was also used in The Selfish Ledger

“They have used 73 seconds of my footage from seven different videos without permission and they know they are in the wrong… so therefore I expect to hear from them regarding compensation.”

Google’s parent company, Alphabet, reported a $12.6bn profit in its last financial year.

Slow-mo snow

The corporate video – titled the Selfish Ledger – had already provoked controversy after The Verge news site published a copy of it last week. The website described it as showing an “unsettling vision of Silicon Valley social engineering”.

This helped bring its existence to Mr Bloom’s attention.

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Getty Images

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The X laboratory is the division behind Google’s Loon balloon trials and helped create its self-drive cars

Mr Bloom – a former camera operator for the BBC, Sky and CNN – has a high profile on social media, where he offers film-making tips.

His YouTube channel has more than 168,000 subscribers and may have been the source for at least some of the copied footage, which included slow-motion video of a snowstorm in New York.

One US-based intellectual property expert said Google might find it hard to defend its behaviour, if the matter were to come to court.

“It just looks bad from a PR perspective for a big company that deals with copyrighted material every second of every day not to respect someone else’s rights,” said Jennifer Van Doren, from the law firm Morning Star.

“Even if the video was for internal use, the film-maker still has the right to stop its use or require payment to prevent it being copyright infringement.”

US law does allow a “fair use” defence to permit unlicensed use of video in some circumstances, but Ms Van Doren said it was typically limited to education, news reporting and criticism of the material itself.

Common problem

It is not unusual for the media industry to avoid copyright payments where they are due.

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Philip Bloom

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Footage Mr Bloom filmed to promote the charity Shelter UK was also used

Film editors, for example, commonly use soundtracks lifted from other films without permission until their own scores are ready, and these can sometimes be played to test audiences.

Mr Bloom has previously complained of his footage being “nicked all the time”, including one instance when an online reviewer had used his images in a title sequence used for multiple videos.

But Google has long faced accusations of failing to do enough to respect others’ intellectual property – whether it be scanning books, presenting others’ photos or “enabling piracy”.

And Mr Bloom has signalled he intends to chase the matter up in this instance.

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Media captionWATCH: Mr Bloom tested a variety of drones for the BBC in 2016

“This is a good opportunity for people to realise that you can’t just download someone’s content from [YouTube] without permission or licensing – even if you own the company like Google do,” he said.